Research is a process of systematic inquiry that entails collection of data; documentation of critical information; and analysis and interpretation of that data/information, in accordance with suitable methodologies set by specific professional fields and academic disciplines.
Strategy consulting refers to the provision of information, analysis and associated services in the field of both domestic and international politics and economics, with the aim of providing a better understanding of the risks and opportunities facing businesses, governments and other groups.
Process consulting involves the analysis & improvement of company processes by a third party expert. By making processes more efficient, process consultants help to reduce time spent in meetings, resolve conflicts, and improve efficiency.
Organizational consulting is characterized by the scientific study of human behavior in organizations and the work place. The specialty focuses on deriving principles of individual, group and organizational behavior and applying this knowledge to the solution of problems at work.